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Manufacturing of Robotic Wide Field Telescope Complexes

10.01.2010

History of MASTER project

At the beginning of the 21st century the use of robotic observatories for the near-Earth and far space monitoring has quickly grown in the developed countries (first of all, in USA).
It became obvious that the use of robotized observatories in Astronomy allows to achieve the breakthrough in studies of the extremely non-stationary and short-living phenomena in the Universe. Using the robotic observatories manufactured in the developed countries the prompt emission of the most powerful explosions in Universe - gamma-ray bursts - was discovered. Discovery of dozens and hundreds supernovae allowed to suggest the presense of the so called «dark» energy, or the energy of space vacuum. Robotic telescopes are discovering hundreds and thousands of new minor bodies of the Solar system, dozens of planets outside the Solar system (exoplanets), potentially hazardous comets and asteroids.

Robotic observatories in the whole world are widely used in the field of education and public outreach.
In 2002 Moscow Association «OPTIKA» has started the production of the first Russian robotic telescope of a small diameter (40 cm).


Manufacturing of Robotic Wide Field Telescope Complexes. 
MASTER II, MASTER II-m and MASTER III

Since 2002 Moscow Association «OPTIKA» is manufacturing wide-field robotic systems «MASTER» (Mobile Astronomical System of Telescopes-Robots) allowing to monitor near-Earth and far space. We offer fully robotized «turnkey» observatories of «MASTER» system in various modifications which include:
- optical part (telescopes themselves);
- electronic part (image acquisition);
- mechanical part (mount, dome, housing);
- computing facilities ("hard");
- programming computational tools ("soft").

Robotic wide field optical complex «MASTER» is capable of working both in autonomous mode and in manual control mode using the world-wide web capabilities.
Computer memory of the complex contains all known data about the celestial objects (stars, galaxies, minor planets, supernovae, artificial satellites and space debris). The system is continuously updating the catalog of known objects via internet.

The software allows real-time image acquisition and processing, identifying objects by types and automatically upload the information to the Databases accessible by the remote user on the WWW.

Robotic «MASTER II» systems created according to specifications by the scientists from Sternberg Astronomical Institute are currently working near Moscow, on Caucasus, on Urals, near Baykal lake and Blagoveshchensk making the joint robotic network for space monitoring.


MASTER II
Main Survey Parameters: 20th magnitude in 1 minute over 8 sq. deg.

Terms of delivery:
Delivery in Russia and assembly is paid by manufacturer. In case of installing the telescope abroad the delivery is paid by the Ordering Customer.
Personnel training on the work with the telescope is provided by the Contractor free of charge.
Telescope delivery is provided in 12 months since the conclusion of Contract.
Term of guarantee – at least 24 months since the day of signing the acceptance document.
In case of defects appearing due to the manufacturer part, guarantee repair is performed at the expense of manufacturer.

System Characteristics
1. Robotic wide field optical complex is designed for the continuous monitoring of sky and observations of selected objects.
2. Rate of sky survey - at least 540 sq. deg. per night.
3. Depth of survey – 20th magnitude in the moonless night.
4. Accuracy of objects angular position measurement – less than 0.3 arcsec.
5. Photometric accuracy: better than 0.1 for 19th magnitude objects, better than 0.01 for 14th magnitude objects.
6. Processing of images is performed in the real time mode, results of observations are available in internet.
7. Control – remote (via WWW) and fully autonomous operation.


MASTER II-m
Main Survey Parameters: 21st magnitude in 1 minute over 8 sq. deg.

Terms of delivery:
Delivery in Russia and assembly is paid by manufacturer. In case of installing the telescope abroad the delivery is paid by the Ordering Customer.
Personnel training on the work with the telescope is provided by the Contractor free of charge.
Telescope delivery is provided in 12 months since the conclusion of Contract.
Term of guarantee – at least 24 months since the day of signing the acceptance document.
In case of defects appearing due to the manufacturer part, guarantee repair is performed at the expense of manufacturer.

System Characteristics
1. Robotic wide field optical complex is designed for the continuous monitoring of sky and observations of selected objects.
2. Rate of sky survey - at least 540 sq. deg. per night.
3. Depth of survey – 21st magnitude in the moonless night.
4. Accuracy of objects angular position measurement – less than 0.3 arcsec.
5. Photometric accuracy: better than 0.1 for 19th magnitude objects, better than 0.01 for 14th magnitude objects.
6. Processing of images is performed in the real time mode, results of observations are available in internet.
7. Control – remote (via WWW) and fully autonomous operation.

Map of MASTER robotic net:
MASTER II robotic telescope (Mountain Station of SAI MSU, near Kislovodsk)
MASTER II robotic telescope (Tunka valley, 50 km from Baykal lake)
MASTER II robotic telescope (Blagoveshchensk)
MASTER II robotic telescope (Mountain Station of SAI MSU, near Kislovodsk)


MASTER III
Main Survey Parameters: 24th magnitude in 1 minute over 5 sq. deg.

Terms of delivery:
Delivery in Russia and assembly is paid by manufacturer. In case of installing the telescope abroad the delivery is paid by the Ordering Customer.
Personnel training on the work with the telescope is provided by the Contractor free of charge.
Telescope delivery is provided in 12 months since the conclusion of Contract.
Term of guarantee – at least 24 months since the day of signing the acceptance document.
In case of defects appearing due to the manufacturer part, guarantee repair is performed at the expense of manufacturer.

System Characteristics
1. Robotic wide field optical complex is designed for the continuous monitoring of sky and observations of selected objects.
2. Rate of sky survey - at least 540 sq. deg. per night.
3. Depth of survey – 23rd magnitude in the moonless night.
4. Accuracy of objects angular position measurement – less than 0.3 arcsec.
5. Photometric accuracy: better than 0.1 for 22nd magnitude objects, better than 0.01 for 17th magnitude objects.
6. Processing of images is performed in the real time mode, results of observations are available in internet.
7. Control – remote (via WWW) and fully autonomous operation.

The Complex includes:
1. Wide-field reflecting telescope with a diameter of 1 m, focal length of 2.5 m and active optics.
2. The world's largest monolith CCD (112 Megapixels) able to provide the 5 sq. deg. field of view.
3. Rapid, fully automated azimuthal mount.
4. Robotized fully opening dome of «shell» type.
5. Cloud sensors and rain sensors.
6. Set of high-speed control and processing computers and image storage (up to 100 TBytes), database.

Technical Characteristics of the Telescope and Mount

The complex is designed for the space monitoring and quick response to the alerts from other robotized systems.
The complex is installed in the good astroclimate conditions with the maximum number of clear nights. Operating the complex requires electric power and internet. Consumed power is 50 kWt.
The system does not require the continuous stay of the operator.

 


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